222.You are asked to multiply a three-digit number and a two-digit number. You follow the steps you were taught in fifth grade, and you correctly answer the problem. You utilizeda.a heuristic.b.an algorithm.c.insight.d.divergent thinking.ANS: B

PTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.1KEY:Application223.Although most people use trial-and-error when they first try the Rubik’s cube puzzle, some take the easy route of reading the printed instructions that give the steps for a __________ solution.

PTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.1KEY:ApplicationMSC:* (New Question)224.Barry is learning to play Texas Hold’Em, so he reads books and looks at printed odds tables available for every stage of play within the game. Barry is learning to play this poker game through

PTS:1DIF:DifficultREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.1KEY:Application49

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225.Solutions by understanding depend on

PTS:1DIF:EasyREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.2KEY:Concept226.Solutions to problems that are based on understanding are characterized bya.rapid solution after an unsuccessful attempt.b.the discovery of a general approach and then the testing of specific solutions.c.habitual modes of thought applied to new situations.d.proceeding according to a known set of rules.ANS: B

PTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.2KEY:Fact227.In his study of thinking, Duncker found that the first step in problem-solving based on understanding isto discover

PTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.2KEY:Fact228.In his study of thinking, Duncker found that the second step in problem-solving based on understanding is to

PTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.2KEY:Fact229.A solution that correctly states the requirements for success in solving a problem, but not in sufficient detail for further action, is called a __________ solution.

ANS: BPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.2KEY:Fact230.A detailed, practical, and workable solution to a problem is called a __________ solution.a.heuristicb.generalc.functionald.specificANS: CPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Problem Solving-Figure It OutOBJ:8.5.2KEY:Fact