# Currency Exchange (5e Variant Rule)

## Currency Exchange

The most common units of currency in the D&D world are pieces. These can be used in transactions with most people, from simple shopkeepers to powerful barons. However, there are many faraway places that developed on their own, with their own economic systems and mediums of exchange. Luckily, when traveling across international borders, there are often centers for exchanging currency. The following is a guide for different coinage values to real-life, fictional, and homebrew currencies from the standard Dungeons and Dragons currency.

## U.S. Dollars by Gold Price

Each of the different kinds of dollar bills.

The dollar (\$) is the official currency of the United States of America. The currency itself comes in bills, which are in denominations of \$1, \$2, \$5, \$10, \$20, \$50, and \$100. For practical purposes, the dollar can be divided into 100 smaller units, known as cents (¢). When exchanging in cents, people use coins, known as pennies (1¢), nickels (5¢), dimes (10¢), and quarters (25¢).

Table: Dollar Exchange Rate
D&D Pieces \$ per Piece ¢ per Piece
Copper Piece (cp) 3.11 311
Silver Piece (sp) 31.1 3,110
Electrum Piece (ep) 155.5 15,550
Gold Piece (gp) 311 31,100
Platinum Piece (pp) 3,110 311,000

The exchange rate can be found by looking at the price of gold in D&D per pound and the price of gold in realize per ounce. It should be noted that the weight of gold is taken using different units from the pounds we are accustomed to; when measuring the weight of gold, we use Troy units of measurement, which have 12 Troy ounces per Troy pound, so even though a Troy ounce weighs more than a regular ounce, a Troy pound weighs less than a regular pound. For the sake of continuity, we will assume that the price of gold per pound in the Player's Handbook is taken in Troy units, seeing as those are the universal units of weight for gold pricing. The price of gold in D&D is 50 gp per lb, or 4.1666... gp per ounce. The price of gold in U.S. dollars is \$1,295.60 per ounce, meaning that the conversion rate from gold pieces to dollars is 1,295.6 ÷ 4.1667 \$/gp, or about 311 \$/gp.

I should note that the price of gold in America can change somewhat. For the most part, I will be leaving this the same regardless of the changes in gold price, but you can update if you want to.

These values are based on the inflation of the current dollar since 1920, back during the gold standard and before the Great Depression. 1cp is equivalent to \$0.01 in 1920 as this was the lowest denomination that people would carry in their pockets for exchange. Present day we barely consider dimes as worthy of carrying around, rather carrying quarters as the lowest denomination we would consider carrying.

These values should be more accurate on pricing objects in the D&D universe because according to current gold price a hammer would be \$311.

Table: Dollar Exchange Rate
D&D Pieces \$ per Piece (2018) \$ Per Piece (1920)
Copper Piece (cp) 0.13 0.01
Silver Piece (sp) 1.26 0.10
Electrum Piece (ep) 6.30 0.50
Gold Piece (gp) 12.60 1.00
Platinum Piece (pp) 126.00 10.00

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