3e SRD:How Combat Works
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How Combat Works
The DM determines which characters are aware of their opponents at the start of the battle. If some but not all of the characters are aware of their opponents, a surprise round happens before regular rounds begin. The characters that are aware of the opponents can act in the surprise round, so they roll for initiative. In initiative order (highest to lowest), characters that started the battle aware of their opponents each take a partial action during the surprise round. Characters who were unaware do not get to act in the surprise round. If no one or everyone starts the battle aware, there is no surprise round.
Characters who have not yet rolled initiative do so.
Characters act in initiative order.
When everyone has had a turn, the character with the highest initiative acts again, and steps 4 and 5 repeat until combat ends.
The Combat Round
There are no simultaneous actions. All effects of a character's action fully resolve before the next character acts. A character cannot split an action to allow another character to act between portions.
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