A Player's Guide to Roles in the Party (3.5e Optimized Character Build)
From D&D Wiki
Sometimes, people can be confused about the different roles in D&D. They don't know what their place is, or think that the only way to be effective in combat is to kill the enemies as quickly as possible with no thought to depending on other characters or to cast spells that increase the combat effectiveness of their allies. To differentiate between these and help people who don't quite understand what the different roles are, I decided to write this article. Below I will examine the three main archetypes of roles in a party, as well as the major variations of each one.
The protectors and zone controllers, Defenders are the solid backbone of the party. With enough defence of some sort to not be hit, these interpose themselves between their squishier allies and enemies who might threaten them. With enough damage to make sure that enemies don't simply disregard them, these characters control enemies across the battlefield, making sure that they don't attack those who would not be able to stand against their assault. One example of this would be a wielder of the Spiked Chain with Combat Reflexes and Improved Trip. With their range and power, they make any foe wary of their might, and foes who foolishly disregard them find themselves prone on the ground, incapacitated and awaiting an attack by those who are adjacent to them should they rise.
 Major Types
With a massive Grapple bonus, these neutralize one foe at a time, making them nearly helpless and vulnerable to the Sneak Attacks and Sudden Strikes of allied rogues and ninjas. The Psychic Warrior (Expansion, Grip of Iron) or Grapplemancer is a good example of this. Grapplers stop being effective against monsters that have access to Freedom of Movement.
 Zone Controller
With a big threat range, the zone controller has a zone in which he has almost complete control over the movement of his enemies. Usually with a spiked chain or reach weapon, many of these trip foes who provoke AoOs, causing them to trip and fall in their tracks. A Knight (PHB2) with his Bulwark of Defense ability, Improved Trip, Combat Reflexes and a Spiked Chain is a good example. Zone controllers stop being effective when enemies stop caring about their position or gain the ability to teleport at will (though often this takes up an enemy's standard action, which can be good enough all by itself).
This is the miscellaneous group, ranging from people who provoke AoOs of multiple enemy so that their friends can move without feeling threatened, to the self-buffer who boosts his combat prowess enough to make himself a threat and make enemies want to beat on him while still having a high enough armor to take hits. A Cleric is a good example of this archetype. The important thing is you need to make enemies care enough about you to target you and not your friends (a concept that the Knight (PHB2) is built around, for example).
The swordarm of the party, Strikers make sure that enemies who they attack go down--and stay down. Doing immense amounts of damage in the shortest amount of time, these incapacitate their enemies in little to no time, bringing them down and cutting them off quickly, making sure they can't take another step before dying. One example of this is the Two-Weapon Fighting Rogue who flanks with an ally to hit as many times as possible with their Sneak Attacks, dealing immense amount of damage. Another example would be the Warmage, who trades power for the defense of fighting from afar, the versatility to use different types of energy against their foes on the fly, and the ability to target multiple foes at a time.
 Major Types
 Glass Cannon
The most effective type of striker, glass cannons trade almost all their defensive capabilities for attack power. The best example is probably a rogue with Two-Weapon Fighting who adds his sneak attack damage on every attack he makes, leading to an average damage of over 80 every round at level 9, bringing with it the ability to kill most equal-CR monsters within 1-2 rounds.
These are more mobile. With the mobility needed to move around a foe's defenses and get to their vulnerable underbelly, skirmishers place themselves where the enemy doesn't want them to be and wreaks havoc there. Swordsages (ToB) are good examples of these with their mobility maneuvers that get them fast from place to place.
 Battering Ram
These are the shock troopers of D&D, running in fast and hard, knocking down and killing foes in mere moments, all the while having enough HP that they don't go down after a round of attacks from the enemy. A good example of this is a straight Barbarian with Shock Trooper (CW) and Combat Brute (CW).
Also the snipers of D&D, these take shot after shot from afar, usually trading damage for the safety of being out of arm's reach of enemies. One example is a Scout (CV) / Ranger with Swift Hunter (CS). Another example that fits into its own category is the Warlock, who trades even more damage for the ability to use massive debuffs against enemies at the same time, and a number of invocations that are truly devestating.
These trade the ability to use their damaging abilities all day for a variety of spells and effects that deal damage. From using Magic Missile to deal with Incorporeal foes to Fireball which will take care of bunched up enemies, these are the ones you want to go to when you need an artillery cannon. Warmages (CA) probably make the best blasters, being able to choose what spell they'd like to use from their list on the fly, while being able to cast in Mithral Fullplate if they take the Battle Caster (CA) feat.
The swiss army knives of the party, Arcanists buff allies, debuff foes, remove foes (temporarily or permanently) from the battlefield, summon more allies to take the brunt of the damage, and are the general utility of the party. Charming people through magic, slowing down enemies, enlarging allies, and so on are all works of the Arcanist, and they make sure that when the party faces flying enemies, their allies have the ability to meet those enemies on even ground. An example of the Arcanist is the Wizard, keeping rows upon rows of scrolls in a scrollcase for whatever situation might occur. Since so many Arcanists do all of these at the same time, I'll simply list a few different categories their spells can go into, and a few examples for each one.
 Major Types
- Tasha's Hideous Laughter
- Deep Slumber
- Summon Monster
- Summon Undead
- Summon Nature's Ally
- Enlarge Person
- Bestow Curse
- Energy Drain
 Battlefield Controller
- Evard's Black Tentacles
- Solid Fog
- Incendiary Cloud
 Note on Healing
I did not add a "Healer" type archetype because in general, healing HP is subpar in combat except at level 1 when a Cure Light Wounds spell can bring a person back to full HP and when characters get the Heal and Mass Heal spells. Apart from these, it's usually the job of the arcanist to Dispel negative effects that affect their allies, which usually suffices most of the time. Usually removing an enemy from the battlefield "heals" more damage in the long run than healing a friend does in the middle of combat. This does not mean that healing is worthless, and never has a place in combat; however, the majority of healing should take place out of combat using a wand of Cure Light Wounds or Lesser Vigor.
For more info on healing, read A Player's Guide to Healing (And, why you will be Just Fine without a Cleric to heal).
 Examples of Classes on this Wiki that Exemplify certain Roles
 Tips on Building Characters
- You're not going to be effective in combat if your AC or saves are high. Too often I see people who make sword-n-board (one-handed weapon and shield) fighters who go into Dwarven Defender, who imagine they'll be an awesome tank. The result? The enemies ignore them and go after the squishies. You have to be able to get their attention--just standing there and whacking at them for 10 damage every round won't do anything past fourth level.
- When you have a way to get your attack rolls really high (for example, with Melee Weapon Mastery (PHB2)) or a way to make touch attacks, try to combine it with a two-handed weapon and Power Attack.
- To optimize charges, combine them with Power Attack, Shock Trooper (Complete Warrior), Combat Brute (Complete Warrior), and Leap Attack (Complete Adventurer).
- When you gain additional damage to each attack (for example, a rogue's Sneak Attack), concentrate on making as many attacks per round as possible.
- Generally, removing enemies from combat is superior to dealing straight damage. For example, at low levels Color Spray or even Sleep can be far more effective than Magic Missile.
- When playing a caster, remember that your melee friends can deal excellent damage without using up daily resources. Concentrate on buffing them, debuffing foes, and making their lives easier to fight in the most efficient manner instead of attempting to deal damage on your own.
- Thicket of Blades (Tome of Battle, Divine Spirit stance) combined with Stand Still and Combat Refexes with a reach weapon (preferably a Spiked Chain) makes for a great combination for a zone control tank.
- Despite the fact that some classes have cool names (NINJA! SWASHBUCKLER! SAMURAI!), you want to look at their class abilities to see how well they do what they do. Often enough, an agile warrior ends up being far better as a swordsage than a monk, ninja, or even swashbuckler.
- When considering classes (both base and prestige), always ask yourself, "Does this class allow me to fulfill my role better?" In D&D, the way to make a good character is to hyperspecialize. That means that...
- If you're a spellcaster, you want to get into Prestige Classes that advance your casting.
- If you rely on Sneak Attack to deal damage, you want to enter classes that give you lots of Sneak Attack dice without losing too much BAB.
- This means the Two-Weapon Fighting tree, but can also include Improved Unarmed Strike as a natural attack, Deepspawn (Lords of Madness) for two tentacles, and Multiattack to bring the penalties with these natural weapons from -5 to -2.
- If you rely on Power Attack, you want to enter classes that raise your attack modifier while keeping you at a high BAB.
- With this route, strongly consider taking Shock Trooper (Complete Warrior) combined with Leap Attack (Complete Adventurer) and Combat Brute (Complete Warrior) for the round after the charge.
- If you're a zone controller, you want to enter classes that allow you to expand your reach.
- In short, focus and get better at what you're good at. People who try to generalize or enter classes that don't advance their primary ability often end up sucking at everything. If you do decide to pick up a little versatility, make sure that the abilities you gain scale with your character level and are not static.
- Remember that flavor is very mutable. This means that you can be a ninja without taking the ninja class, simply by the fact that you can sneak around, kill people silently, and so forth. It means that you can be a paladin by picking up levels of Fighter and being very devout. It means that you can be an assassin by taking levels in rogue instead of the Assassin prestige class.
- If you need a few extra feats, 2 levels of Fighter or Psychic Warrior can help.
- Most melee builds should strive to have at least 16 BAB by level 20 for that fourth iterative attack.
- Similarly, casters should try to have access to level 9 spells by level 20 to be epic-ready.
- Monkey Grip sucks. Don't take it. On average, Power Attacking for 2 with a two-handed weapon is far superior.
- Losing caster levels when playing a primary caster is generally a very bad thing unless the prestige class's or base class's benefits are really worthwhile.
- Plan your build ahead of time. I personally plan on levels 1-20 for the majority of my characters.
- Try to stay away from material on the Wall of Cheese. Generally, the things on there are what give us optimizers a bad name, and can easily lead to munchkinism.
- Good classes for beginners:
- Psion (Expanded Psionics Handbook)
- Warblade (Tome of Battle)
- Swordsage (Tome of Battle)
- Pick up Weapon Finesse, Shadow Blade (same book), and Adaptive Style (same book)
- Warmage (Complete Arcane)
- Dread Necromancer (Heroes of Horror)
- Pick up Tomb-Tainted Soul (Libris Mortis)
- Beguiler (Player's Handbook 2)
- A non-optimized character who focuses on damage should generally do at least (and probably far more than) 2.5 DPR (damage per round) per ECL after their attacks and damage are weighed an AC of their (ECL * 1.5) + 10. This means that at level 6, characters should be doing at least 15 DPR against an AC of 19, and at level 10 they should be doing at least 25 DPR against an AC of 25.
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